Primary Socialization sets the ground work for all future socialization and is therefore of prime importance for children.
Primary Socialization is taught and reinforced through the values, principles (beliefs) and practices (actions) of their immediate family and friends. For example, a child develops his/her attitudes and opinions of others through the example of his/her family. Hatred of the police, for example, can be developed through witnessing (on a regular basis) a family member swearing at a police car every time this family member encounters a police car on the road. Such repetitive examples, may lead the child to rationalize that this behavior is acceptable and he/she may continue to have this opinion for life. (Baier, A., 2005)
Primary socialization can have both a positive or negative effect on the socialization process of young people. This effect is determined by the values, principles and practices of the young person’s parents and family. Parents/families whose values, principles and practices align closely with those of mainstream society are more likely to be regarded as “good citizens”. (Baier, A., 2005)
Copyright 2019 Dr Carol Schultz
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